The term “Agroponics” comes from the word aggregate, meaning a material or structure that is formed from a loosely compacted mass of particles. In an agroponics system, roots are supported in a solid aggregate media such as coconut coir, perlite, or expanded clay pellets. The agroponics media is inert; it does not provide any nutrition for the plants. Because the media supports the roots, this is the most natural way to grow plants that are traditionally grown in a soil media. Growing with agroponics has many advantages, such as greatly increased rate of growth in your plants. With the proper setup, your plants will mature up to 25% faster and produce up to 30% more than the same plants grown in soil. Your agroponics plants grow bigger and faster because they do not have to work as hard to obtain their nutrients. Even a small root ball will provide the plant exactly what it needs, so the plant will focus more on growing the leaves and fruit instead of expanding the root system.
There is a big death trap in every Agroponics system, except for the Kratky method below. Because all of the plants are fed from a common nutrient reservoir, any contamination, virus, fungus or chemical imbalance is fed to ALL of the plants and this may kill them – wiping out your entire crop and months of hard work in a just a few hours. A power failure, pump malfunction, pipe blockage or breakage will also prove fatal. It is highly recommended that you completely inspect your system daily and you must clean and change the complete reservoir nutrient solution every week. Even after taking every precaution, the solution may fall short of some important nutrients or get infected due to rotting plant roots.
Aeroponics is a relatively new way of growing plants that is getting increasingly popular with many people because of the rapid growth and moderate cost to build a system. Aeroponics started during the 1940s, and since then, many researchers have added to the theory and application of this growing method. The basic principle of aeroponic growing is to grow plants suspended in a closed or semi-closed environment by spraying the plant’s dangling roots and lower stem with an atomized or sprayed, nutrient-rich water solution. The leaves and crown, often called the canopy, extend above. The roots of the plant are separated by the plant support structure. Often, closed-cell foam is compressed around the lower stem and inserted into an opening in the aeroponic chamber, which decreases labor and expense; for larger plants, trellising is used to suspend the weight of vegetation and fruit. If you have little space for a garden in the form of land, or if your soil isn’t particularly arable, you should try aeroponics.
Aquaponics gardening is where plants and fish are grown together. Many of the concepts are taken from both aquaculture and hydroponics. Aquaponics relies on the relationship between the fish and plants. You can’t have either one without both working together in harmony. It all starts with the fish. The fish produce ammonia as waste. The fish water (and the waste in it) is then pumped into a plant grow bed. Naturally-occurring bacteria and worms in the plant grow bed convert the waste into usable food for plants. In order for aquaponics systems to work, the water pump needs to run several times per day to spread the fish water across the plants grow bed. The fish also obviously need to be fed daily, and an aeration system must be constantly running to provide the fish with oxygen. Aquaponics is almost a perfect closed loop ecosystem, where fish and plants are mutually beneficial to each other. The plants use fish waste as nutrients while the plants clean and remove the fish waste from the water.
Hydroponics does not use soil, instead the root system is supported using an inert medium such as perlite, rockwool, clay pellets, peat moss, or vermiculite. The basic premise behind hydroponics is to allow the plants roots to come in direct contact with the nutrient solution, while also having access to oxygen, which is essential for proper growth. Plants have long been grown with their roots immersed in solutions of water and fertilizer for scientific studies of their nutrition. Various kinds of gravel and other materials have been used successfully, including fused shale and clay and granite chips. Fertilizer solution is pumped through periodically, the frequency and concentration depending on the plant and on ambient conditions such as light and temperature. The solution drains into a tank, and pumping is usually automatic. Growing with hydroponics has many advantages, such as greatly increased rate of growth in your plants. With the proper setup, your plants will mature up to 25% faster and produce up to 30% more than the same plants grown in soil. Your plants grow bigger and faster because they do not have to work as hard to obtain their nutrients. Even a small root ball will provide the plant exactly what it needs, so the plant will focus more on growing the leaves and fruit instead of expanding the root system.
You can grow better food without spending a lot of money on development of super strains. You just need to learn how to grow better. Mother nature will do the rest. We will show you how to make a set up with a small investment that can be reused for years and years. We have many that we reuse during the winter time to grow other plants indoors. The Kratky method refers to growing plants in a nutrient solution as you would in hydroponics however you do not use an air stone and the roots are mostly submerged at all times in the solution. This method is possible with many different plants and works very well for growth. For years it was thought that this would not work as completely submerged roots tend to rot and cause disease in the plant. In this section we will discuss how to use this method to grow all kinds of plants and vegetables. We will focus on off the grid growing. This means without the use of any power for pumps or lights. We have done many experiments with this type of growing and we have been amazed at what is possible. This is a perfect growing method for people new to growing plants as you do not have to water your plants as much and if you follow these steps you will not over water your plants either. Many people can’t get plants to grow right because they forget to water or they over water.